We will start with the best and most well-known gemstone of them all the diamond to start our section on different types of gemstones. The diamond represents the primary gemstone. It has few weaknesses, and a lot of strengths. Its exceptional interest and sentimental value shines out. It is used in wedding rings to reflect endless love or to be offered to loved ones as gifts / jewellery. But the diamond is much more than the eternal beauty thereof. Luxury Jewelry near me is one of the authority sites on this topic.
The Diamond derives its name from the unbeatable meaning of the Greek work adamas. There is no comparison on hardness. The Mohs diamond levels scale a 10 which is the toughest substance on Earth. Its cutting resistance is 140 times the hardness of the ruby and sapphire, the gemstones(Corundum) next to in the Mohs scale. Optical properties such as luster and rigidity of the diamond make it unique and easily distinguishable from other imitations. Love it!
The first diamond recorded is dated around 800 B.C. In Pakistan. Also in Europe. Many say it dated back six thousand years ago. The diamonds have been used as decorative purposes and also as talismans to fend off evil and provide combat protection. Diamonds were also known to be used as medical aid during the Dark Ages. Religious doctors even told patients that if they were to hold a diamond in one hand and make the sign of the cross, it would cure and heal the wounds.
Since of the discovery of diamond deposits in South Africa, diamonds became more common during the 19th century. This discovery leads to higher supply, better cutting and polishing methods, and economic development. In 1979, geologists in Australia discovered the Argyle pipe which is the world’s richest diamond deposit to date. After then Argyle alone has been responsible for producing more than one third of the world’s diamonds each year.
Diamonds: What do they make up?
Diamonds are an allotrope of carbons produced under high-pressure , high-temperature conditions. At temperatures of about 2200 degrees Fahrenheit, diamonds are created 90 miles below the Earth’s surface. Diamonds are produced deep inside the earth, and slowly make their way to the earth’s surface, usually through volcanic eruptions, over incredibly long periods of time.
These diamonds’ age from beneath the earth’s surface is between 1 and 3.3 billion years old! When diamonds are formed and their journey to the earth’s surface begins, they move through channels where the volcano’s magma rises to the surface, picking up diamonds along the way and ultimately depositing them on the surface, where they are finally found and mined.
The Diamonds 4 C
There are four distinct properties which determine a diamond’s value and quality. The color, the cut, the clarity and the carat are these. Otherwise identified as diamond 4 C’s. We’ll talk about those features in depth in the following.