One of the problems that you might have to contend with while dealing with home health care patients is the question of caring for an ostomy. An ostomy is a surgical device that is mounted within the abdomen of the person to replace the essential functions typically performed by the genitals or anus to remove the body’s waste. In other words, if somebody can’t urinate, they may have had an ostomy installed to allow them to urinate and or defecate. Part of your job is to help care for the ostomy and help your patient adapt to living with one. Have a look at ostomy living.
Why a patient may have an ostomy The most common reason a patient has an ostomy is because they have some kind of injury that has resulted in either the removal of their genitals or colon. The genitals or colon will also fail to function normally, and as a result, an ostomy may need to be mounted.
Why an Ostomy Functions An ostomy is usually a sort of pouch that has been surgically applied to the patient’s body to allow them to extract fluids and other body waste. This pouch is usually placed within the body while a tube of some sort is frequently connected to the correct part of the anatomy to enable evacuation of the ostomy when it is complete.
Types of Ostomies: Colostomy: Usually mounted due to loss of all or a part of the colon (large intestine) of the patient.
Ileostomy: An ileostomy, similar to a colostomy, is related to the small intestine and can also be temporary or permanent.
Urostomy: A common type of ostomy intended to remove urine from the genitals into a storage pouch.
Precautions When treating an ostomy, you have to handle it carefully and deal with human waste. Wear latex gloves even when handling the ostomy valve, and after every evacuation be sure to thoroughly clean the tube. Pay careful attention to the directions provided with the ostomy to ensure that it is done properly and that the valve is replaced when necessary.