Although not always taken seriously, knee pain can lead to the loss of the ability to perform normal daily functions. Our knees are vital to our legs’ movement, and are necessary for normal walking. The knee also carries most of the weight of the body which reduces the pressure on the lower limbs. Our knees are a crucial part of our daily lives.
The Knee is one of the body’s most complex joints. It is composed of three compartments. The patella is the thin bone that makes up the front of the leg, also known as the knee cap. The bone is known as a bone of sesamoid. A sesamoid bone is defined as a little bone embedded in a capsule or tendon. The patella is embedded in an adult’s tendon, and measures up to 2 inches.
Around the point where the femur (thigh bone) meets the tibia (Shin bone), the knee joint is formed. Other knee joint components include cartilage and ligaments which give the knee joint strength and stability.
Ligaments are the fibrous tissues which bind bones. Therefore they have the potential to stretch making movements in joints like the knee. Injuries to knee joint ligaments can lead to knee pain. The discomfort caused by an injury to the ligaments in the knee is usually instantly felt. Depending on the broken ligament, tenderness may be felt above the injury point, or deep inside the knee. Injuries to the ligament cause pain even in rest and may be accompanied by swelling and warm sensation. The pain usually gets worse when you bend your knee, or when you put more weight on your knee while standing or walking.
Treatment of knee pain that occurs from damage to the ligament depends on the severity of the injury. Initial care typically includes applying off-ice pads to the knee, knee rest and knee elevation. Real estate may require the use of splints or braces for more severe injuries. Serious ligament injuries can necessitate open surgery to repair the damage.
Friction may result from the friction between the two large bones that make up the knee joint (the thigh bone and the shin bone). Among these two bones cartilaginous tissue disperses the weight and tension between the two bones. This tissue is called the meniscus. Meniscus tearing will cause pain to the Knee. The tearing is the result of strong shear forces caused by knee joint rotation. Those are typically felt in the swift and quick knee movements that are popular in sports that involve rapid body reactions.
Knee pain is more common with aging as a natural part of degeneration due to meniscus tears. There could be more than one tear in there. The pain is expressed as a feeling of popping which gets worse when performing activities that require knee rotation. The patient may experience knee joint lock-up or instability. Many common causes of knee pain include knee joint fractures and knee joint straining, resulting in knee inflammation otherwise known as tendinitis.